Sierra Nevada National Park
The National and NaturalPark of the Sierra Nevada has the highest peak in Spain: the Mulhacén (3482 metres). The Sierra Nevada was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on 1986, then a NaturalPark in 1989, and finally it was awarded National Park status in 1999.
This Biosphere Reserve includes the inner mountain nucleus of the Cordillera Penibética mountain range which has the Spanish Peninsula’s highest peaks such as the Mulhacen peak at 3,482 m.
The steep mountain slopes area reflection of its past, modelled by glacial erosion. The dominating climate is continental Mediterranean, althoughit has strong variations in mean annual rainfall, ranging with altitude between 350 and 1,600 mm. The vegetation includes vast stretches of grasslands and highmountain scrubland, Pine, Juniper and deciduous and sclerophyllus forests.
But what confers an extraordinary value on the Sierra Nevada, in addition to its grandiose landscapes, are the numerous unique and endemic species of flora found here, with over 1,700 different species recorded, 64 of which are endemic. There are also numerous endemic invertebrates and high mountain emblematic species, such as the Mountain Goat, the Wall-creeper (Tichodroma muraria) and the Royal Eagle.
sustainability and preservation
Natural spaces are spaces dedicated to natural conservation, to the sustainable development of society and to being the destination, with increasing frequency, of leisure for all visitors.
The number of people who choose this tourism alternative is increasing, which in turn entails the responsibility of everyone to respect the rules and indications that the managers of the natural spaces indicate us.
Sierra Nevada, as a sensitive space, with a vulnerable ecosystem, requires everyone's collaboration. That is why some guidance sheets are presented for good behavior in the natural area.